Commonly referred to as Zanzibar itself, Unguja is the larger of the two main islands that along with Pemba and several other islets make up Zanzibar.
This Island is the destination for the majority of visitors that throng to the Islands at any given time of the year. The main entry points to Zanzibar by air and by sea from the mainland and international are found here.
Stone Town and many of the touristic attractions are found on this Island even though Pemba is better known for its authentic Swahili life-style, clove plantations and relaxing quiet.
Unguja is surrounded by a number of smaller islands and islets, with only two of them, Tumbatu and Uzi, being inhabited.
The Island is mostlt flat and is about 85 kilometres (53 mi) long (north-south) and 30 kilometres (19 mi) wide (east-west) at its widest, with an overall area of about 1,666 square kilometres (643 sq mi).
Unguja rose to prominence once it emerged to become a convenient point from which traders from the Arabian peninsula and the Indian sub-continent traded with towns of the Swahili Coast and the interior as far as the great lakes.
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